Second Symphony concert in the new cycle “Avantgarde” will bring the expressionistically tinged chamber symphony by Franz Schreker and Beethoven’s unique 4th Piano Concerto. The soloist on the piano will be Martina Filjak.
Schreker was considered by some to be one of the most promising twentieth-century composers. He enjoyed very considerable success as a composer of opera, in a style that couples the late Romantic with an element of musical collage, presenting scenes where different layers of music are juxtaposed or superimposed, all with a mastery of orchestral color. In the eight years between the peak of his popularity in 1924 and his forced resignation in 1932, however, the Nazis managed to ensure the almost total disappearance of his music from the public consciousness, not just within the Reich but throughout the world. In 1916 – in the middle of the First World War – Franz Schreker was commissioned to compose an orchestral work to mark the centenary of the founding of the Vienna Academy of Music. It is a great romantic orchestra to enjoy, it is a “chamber symphony” for only 23 musicians – the only food of Celesta and Harmony.
Beethoven’s 4th Piano Concerto has a completely new and unique style from his previous works. In this most gently spoken and poetic of all his concertos, Beethoven offers his most radical move—to begin with the piano alone. It is a move without precedent. The rhythmic elasticity of the first solo‑and‑orchestra statement‑and-response foreshadows an uncommon range of pace. The second movement, accompanied by strings only, has become the concerto’s most famous.
Beethoven’s only opera, “Fidelio,” was among his cherished but most troubling compositions. After 10 years of redrafts, which saw him score four different overtures, the final version received its world premiere in 1814.
The opera is written in two acts according to the libretto wrote by Josef Sonnleithner, Stephan von Breuning and Georg Friedrich Treitschke
“The whole business with the opera (‘Fidelio’) is the most cumbersome in the world. There is a great difference between reflection and being able to submit oneself to rapture. In short, I can assure you, the opera will earn me the martyr’s crown,” wrote Beethoven in 1814. At the time, he was working on the third and final version of the work, which was enthusiastically received when it premiered at the Theater am Kärntnertor in Vienna on May 23, 1814.
The National Theater in Braunschweig will round off the celebration of Beethoven’s year by performing a special version of his only opera. This chamber version for the reduced ensemble, whose arrangement was personally approved by Beethoven, was created by Wenzel Sedlák. A “Fidelio” like you’ve never heard before!
After a half-year break due to the covid crisis, the concert season 2020/21. continues in Braunschweig. The general music director, Srba Dinić and the Braunschweig Symphony Orchestra, return to the stage on Sunday, September 20th and Monday, September 21st. The program will include the Violin Concerto in D major, Erich Wolfgang Korngold and the Franz Shubert’s C major Symphony.
The soloist will be Josef Ziga.
Korngold’s Violin Concerto Op. 35 is among the five violin concertos most frequently played in music history.
Erich Wolfgang Korngold was 50 years old at the time of the 1947 debut of his Violin Concerto in D Major, a lyrical and exuberant work begun a decade earlier. The half-century mark can seem significant to any artist, but for Korngold it held special meaning: “Fifty is old,” he said, “for a child prodigy.” Korngold, born in Austria in 1897, was playing piano at age 6, writing keyboard pieces at 8, and composing a ballet at 11. Gustav Mahler and Richard Strauss were among young Korngold’s mentors. This concert is characterized by a mix of late romanticism and modern, cinematic musical language.
Symphony No. 9 in C Major, byname Great C Major, symphony and last major orchestral work by Austrian composer Franz Schubert. It was premiered by Mendelssohn in March, 1839, more than a decade after composer’s death. Symphony No. 9 reveals the deep influence of Beethoven on Schubert. Like Beethoven, but in his own quite individual way, Schubert was forging ahead into music’s dark unknown.
Srba Dinic will play a different role at the March 28th. Instead of conducting, Srba will perform as a pianist along with violinist Johannes Denhoff, concert master of the Staatsorchester Braunschweig.
Concert will be held at the Louis Spohr Hall with works by Schumann, Beethoven and Brahms.
Robert Schumann – Sonata No. 1 in A minor, op.105
Ludwig van Beethoven – Sonata A major op. 47 »Kreutzer Sonata«
Johannes Brahms – Sonata in D minor, op.108
Composer Robert Schumann (1810-1856), composed Sonata No. 1 in A minor from the 12th to 16th of September, 1851; written for Wilhelm Joseph von Wasielewski and Clara Schumann;
Uniquely among Schumann’s major chamber works, the A minor Violin Sonata is in three rather than four movements, with the central Allegretto cunningly combining the functions of slow movement and scherzo.
Beethoven is known for crossing all sorts of musical boundaries, and the opening to his “Kreutzer” Sonata for Violin and Piano is a brilliant example. Beethoven himself said that the sonata is written in a virtuoso style, like a concerto. And it’s easy to hear what he was talking about in the piece’s radical opening notes. He well understood how different this new sonata was from any that had come before, including his own eight. His title page describes it as a “Sonata for the pianoforte and violin obbligato, written in a very concertato style, almost like a concerto.”
Johannes Brahms began his Sonata for piano and violin No. 3 in D minor, Op. 108, almost immediately after finishing the Sonata No. 2 in A major, Op. 100, during a vacation in Thun in the summer of 1886, but he set the work aside for two years and completed it only when he returned to Thun in 1888 for another vacation. The two works are in fact utterly different from one another: the A major Sonata is easygoing and radiates with warm melody from start to finish, while the D minor Sonata is an athletic, fibrous, and at times even nervous affair that offers drama of a far more epic nature. Brahms dedicated the Sonata No. 3 to Hans von Bülow, pianist, conductor, friend, and champion of the composer; it was first performed by Brahms and violinist Jenö Hubay in Budapest on December 22, 1888.
It’s “Time for Classic” in the cities of Celle and Helmstedt!
Audience will enjoy the “tone poem” – “Verklärte Nacht” by Arnold Shoenberg, Richard Strauss’s “Concerto in D major for Oboe and Small Orchestra” and Beethoven’s delightful Fourth Symphony.
See you on the 4th of March at Celle, and the 5th of March at Helmstedt.
Arnold Schoenberg “Verklärte Nacht”
Verklärte Nacht, Op. 4, (English: “Transfigured Night”) by Austrian-born American composer Arnold Schoenberg, it’s a highly romantic piece that dates to 1899, before he adopted the 12-tone method of composition that became his signature.
Verklärte Nacht is a tone poem—that is, an instrumental composition with plot content—in the tradition of Franz Liszt’s Les Préludes and Richard Strauss’s Don Juan. Schoenberg’s piece differs from its models in that it is a chamber piece, not an orchestral work. Years later, in 1917, Schoenberg crafted a new arrangement for string orchestra including basses, though still without winds or percussion.
Although Verklärte Nacht has a plot, it does not portray anything more than a walk and a conversation. Rather, Schoenberg drew inspiration from Richard Dehmel’s poem of the same name, published in the collection Weib und Welt (1896; “Woman and World”), which was a psychological portrait. The poem’s essence concerns acceptance and understanding.
Although it was originally scored as a string sextet, the work is often performed with a full string orchestra.
Richard Strauss – Oboe Concerto
Just after the Second World War Richard Strauss wrote his Oboe Concerto ‘at the suggestion of an American soldier from Chicago’. This soldier, John de Lancie, who had been principal oboist in the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra before entering the army, had visited Strauss a few times in his house in Garmisch-Partenkirchen. It is astonishing that Strauss wrote such a light and playful Oboe Concerto at an advanced age and just after the war.
Musical Mischief: Beethoven’s Symphony No. 4
Beethoven’s delightful Fourth Symphony is a lighthearted masterpiece full of mischievous musical jokes.
Shortly after completing his revolutionary Third Symphony, the “Eroica”, Beethoven began sketching his Fifth, a work that expands on the theme of heroic struggle so vividly explored in the Third. He set it aside, however, to write a completely different kind of symphony. Throughout his career, Beethoven liked to work on pairs of contrasting works simultaneously, and in character the Fourth Symphony could not be more different from that of the Third or Fifth.
Instead of an epic journey from darkness to light, Beethoven’s Fourth is a beguiling work full of comedy and enchantment.
Though the Symphony No. 4 shares many aspects of the symphonic ideal with its immediate siblings, it does not necessarily wear its psychological meaning on its sleeve. It could be that this lack of psychological catharsis is the reason for the neglect by the commentators, as it is often tossed off as being a pint of relaxation between the titanic intellectual demands of the “Eroica” and the Symphony No. 5. What it lacks in “seriousness” is balanced by its directness and its classically contained power.
February 16 & 17th, 2020
Ludwig van Beethoven
Missa solemnis D major op. 123
Musical direction Srba Dinić
Soloist * inside Isabel Stüber Malagamba (Alt), Matthias bull (tenor), Jisang Ryu (bass)
with the choir of the State Theater Braunschweig and the Concert Choir Brunswick
A high point of the symphonic Beethoven year at the Braunschweig State Theater is the composer’s “Missa solemnis”, which will be heard for the first time in the state orchestra’s symphony concert series in 2020.
On the manuscript of this work, Beethoven wrote the words: From the heart – may it return to the heart.
The Missa Solemnis may be the greatest piece never heard. Nearly 90 minutes long, it requires a large chorus, an orchestra and four soloists. For Beethoven, every word counted in the long-known text; every sentence had its explicit meaning that had to be followed musically. The result is a fairly larger-than-life fair, which the audience with its length, attention to detail and expressiveness. It concludes with a fraught, fragile and unanswered plea for peace amid the drumbeats of war. But the answer comes in the Ninth Symphony, with its chorale finale based on Schiller’s “Ode to Joy,” written in a time of revolution. Those words and Beethoven’s music call for humankind to kneel before the creator, but for answers to turn to one another. The path to peace, he suggests, is bestowed not from above, but from within us and among us, in universal brotherhood.
Interestingly Beethoven wanted to premiere the Missa along with the newly completed Ninth Symphony at the concert in the Kärntnertor theater on 7 May 1824, but the censor intervened, banning the performance of a religious work in a concert hall. A compromise was reached in which only three movements of the Missa were performed (along with the Ninth). Just shows how wrong the censor was.
Beethoven composed Missa Solemnis for the enthronement of his great friend and pupil Archduke Rudolph as Archbishop of Olmütz – completing it three years after the enthronement ceremony.
The Missa Solemnis stands alone in Beethoven’s output. A modern critic wrote: To those for whom Beethoven’s music is an important reason for living, the Missa Solemnis belongs at the center of their experience – a work to respect, certainly, but still more to love.
7th of February, Synagogue, Novi Sad
The first concert this year in Serbia, maestro Srba Dinic will conduct with the Vojvodina Symphony Orchestra at the Synagogue in Novi Sad.
The concert for oboe and orchestra by Hungarian composer Frigyes Hidas, will be premiere perform with Sanja Romic as a soloist.
Hidas studied composition at the Franz Liszt Academy of Music in Budapest. His oeuvre covered almost every genre, including operas, ballets, concertos, other orchestral works, chamber music, and vocal and choral music. He was one of the foremost names in the world of contemporary chamber and concert band music for wind instruments. In addition, he enjoyed various commissions from opera houses, radio stations, universities, ballet companies, and musical association and federations. He received many prizes and other forms of recognition for his musical services.
The program will also feature an Overture for the comic opera “The Marriage of Figaro,” by W.A. Mozart as well as the Sixth “Pastoral” Symphony by Ludwig van Beethoven, and it will mark the 250th anniversary of the birth of the composer.
19th and 20th of January, Stadthalle
Gustav Mahler’s Ninth Symphony, a Masterpiece and a Magnificent Farewell
Mahler wrote his 9th symphony in 1908 and 1909, when the composer had suffered several recent blows: his young daughter Anna Maria had died of scarlet fever, and he himself had been diagnosed with heart disease. The symphony is a powerful meditation on the human condition: exploring ideas about life and death.
The final page of the last, cataclysmically slow movement of Mahler’s Ninth Symphony is one of the most famously death-haunted places in orchestral music, a moment in which the music slowly, achingly, bridges the existential gap between sound and silence, presence and absence, life and death. The very last bar is even marked, pianississimo, with a long pause – “ersterbend” (dying), as if its message wasn’t already clear enough.
Mahler died in 1911. His Symphony No. 9 premiered in 1912.
Before Mahler’s symphony is Beethoven’s piano sonata “Les Adieux”, which the composer wrote on the occasion of the flight of his friend and patron Archduke Rudolph from Vienna. In her three movements, Beethoven processes almost personal feelings about »farewell«, »absence« and »reunion«.
17th of January, Staatstheater Braunschweig
It seems to me that I am truly gifted with the ability truthfully, sincerely, and simply to express the feelings, moods, and images suggested by a text. In this sense I am a realist and fundamentally a Russian. – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
The opera, which opened on March 29, 1879, is renowned for its sweeping melodic pulse and the tremendous emotional punch that Tchaikovsky punches throughout. With Eugene Onegin, Tchaikovsky’s sublime music whisks us away to the romantic Russia of Pushkin.
A deeply moving tale packed with big tunes, dances and a heart-stopping duel. As with his ballets, Tchaikovsky brings many symphonic elements to the music, plush orchestrations and highly melodic arias.
Premiere of the opera “Eugene Onegin” will be held under musical direction of Srba Dinic on 17th of January at the Staatstheater Braunschweig.
2nd of January
As part of marking the 250th anniversary of the birth of Ludwig van Beethoven, the Staatsorchestra Braunsweig under musical direction of Srba Dinic, will perform the Overture of Leonor Br. 3, Piano Concerto No. 3 in C minor, Op. 37 and Symphony no. 5 in C minor, Op. 67.
Pianist Olga Scheps will be introduced as a soloist in Piano Concerto No. 3.
The Leonore No. 3 is one of the most magnificent overtures in the orchestral literature. A musical/philosophical way that Beethoven also traveled in his Fifth and Ninth Symphonies, in this sweeping overture it is compressed into a tonal document of staggering power.
Many critics consider the Piano Concerto No. 3 precisely the personification of Beethoven’s dramatic, dark personality whose music was shaped by tragic life events. In the concert, Beethoven seems to be travelling the gamut of emotion from tragedy to comedy while imposing at the heart of the whole piece, the composer’s determination to place the piano equally with the orchestra, just as powerful and expressive.
There are all sorts of characteristics which go with this key, the c minor, and his potency is used by Beethoven for his Fifth Symphony.
Because of its raw power and overwhelming way of representing a triumph over adversity, the Fifth Symphony is considered one of the most popular symphonies. Beethoven himself conducted the premiere of this piece, together with the Sixth “Pastoral” Symphony in Vienna on December 22, 1808, which did not arouse much interest. Since then, however, it has become one of the most popular works of classical music. Guided by its powerful opening motif, the Symphony conveys one of the fundamental elements of European culture by steering the listeners “from darkness to light”, from defeat to triumph.